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Digital Forensics Archives - Meridian Discovery

Forensic Analysis of Email Attachment Timestamps in Outlook

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What happens to email attachment timestamps when a file is attached to an email message? As far as internal file metadata goes, nothing should change. Attaching the file does not change its contents, and internal metadata, such as the document’s author, title, creation and modification dates where applicable, should be preserved during transit.
How about file system metadata? Does plucking the file from the file system and attaching it to an email result in total loss of file system metadata? Not so, at least in an Exchange / Outlook environment. In fact, file system timestamps can survive the transit to the recipient’s mailbox, sometimes with 100-nanosecond precision!

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